ELEMENTS 'N & O'

INTRODUCTION ABERTAWE SWANSEA & District AFAN / NEDD BRECONSHIRE BRIDGEND and The VALE CARDIFF and district CARMARTHENSHIRE Cwm RHONDDA Valleys CWM TAWE (Swansea Valley) CYNON VALLEY GŴYR / GOWER LLANDEILO TAL-Y-BONT Pryscedwin  LLIW VALLEY LLYNFI VALLEY MERTHYR TYDFIL MONMOUTHSHIRE PEMBROKESHIRE PONTARDULAIS (Pontarddulais) PONTYPRIDD and district Place-name Elements 'A' Elements 'B' Elements 'C' Elements 'DEF' Elements 'G' Elements 'HIJK'. Elements 'L' Elements 'M' Elements 'N' & 'O' Elements 'P' - 'PL' Elements 'PO' - 'Q' Elements 'R' Elements 'S' Elements 'T' Elements 'U' and 'V' Elements 'W' Elements 'Y' ONOMASTIC TALES PLACE-NAME CHANGES Guest Book



nant                 W, fem. sing. n., (previously masc.) pl. nentydd, naint, (rare) nannau, neintydd, (lately) nantau, nennydd; previously ‘valley, ravine, gorge; a hollow formed by water;' nowadays, ‘brook, rivulet, stream'. e.g.  Nant y ffin, Garnant, Llannant, Blaennant, Nant y ciw bach, Nant y wernen, Nant y wern, Cae pen y nant, Maes Deunant, Cae ddwynant, Bryn nant, Ty yr nant, Llwyn dan y nant. Lltbnt. Nantyglo, Gwent. See Nantyffyllon, Llynfi Valley.

navigation       Eng. n. ‘a canal or artificial waterway'.  e.g. Navigation, Navigation House, (1833) Glam. [later Abercynon].

nawar, nawer, nawerw            W, naw ‘nine',  erw ‘acre'. See erw.

Nedd               river-name, anglicised as Neath. e.g. Castell Nedd, Glyn Nedd, Pont Nedd-fechan, Glam.

Nelson            pers.name. e.g. Nelson's Arms (1845), Nelson, Glam.

nenbren           Welsh, masc. fem. sing. n. 'roof-beam, roof-tree'. e.g. Pant y Nenbren, Llanwynno.TS1841. (where there would be wood suitable for roof-beams. c.f. Penrhiwceibr).

nerar, nerer, nherar, nherer  W, haner ‘half', erw ‘acre'. See erw.  

nesaf               W, adj. (superlative degree of the adj. agos), ‘nearest, closest, next (to)'. e.g. Cae dan y fford nesaf yma, Groft nesar ty, Wain nesar ty, Cae mynydd nesaf ty, Croft cae mynydd nesaf ty, Cae nesaf yr ty, Wain nesaf yr heol. Lltbnt.

neuadd            Welsh, fem. sing. n. 'mansion, large house, hall'. e.g. Coedcae'r nuadd, (sic. Loc. Dial.) Ynyscynon. TS1844. Field no.1114.adjoins Ynyscynon Farm, (known today as the Ynyscynon Inn).  Neuadd-fach, Yr Hendy, Llanedi.

Neuol              W, river-name. etymology unsure. e.g. Fforchneuol, Aberdare.

new                  Eng. adj. ‘lately made or built; replacement.'  e.g. Newton, Gower. Newport, Gwent, Pembs. New Hedges, Pembs. New Tredegar, Gwent. Newquay, Cards. Newcastle Emlyn, Carms. Newbridge, Gwent. etc.  

newydd            W, adj., pl. newyddion, ‘new'.  e.g. Ty newydd, Pen-y-bont newydd, Cae berllan newydd, Ardd newydd, Croft newydd (several), Cae newydd (several), Wain newydd (several), Graig cae ty newydd, Cae wain newydd bach. Lltbnt. Eglwys Newydd, see Whitchurch, Cardiff.

north               Eng. adj. ‘located towards the north'. e.g. Norton, Gower. North Corneli, Glam.

nos                  W, masc. sing. n. ‘night'. e.g. Craig-y-nos, Craig-y-nos Castle, Brecs.  Castell-y-nos, Aberdare.

nyth                 W, masc. sing. n. ‘nest'. e.g. Nyth Brân, Llanwynno.

oak                  Eng. ‘an oak tree'. e.g. Oakfield St., Oakfield Terrace, Royal Oak. Lltbnt. Oakdale, Gwent. Oakford/Derwen-gam, Cards.

odyn                W, fem. sing. n., pl. odynau, ‘a large oven or kiln for burning, drying or processing substances such as limestone, bricks, &c.'. Cae yr odin (8), Llech oden fach/fawr, Groft yr odin, Grofft yr odin issaf, Groft cae odin galch, Cae odin galch issaf/uchaf.  Lltbnt. Twynyrodyn, Merthyr Tydfil.

ogof                 W, fem. sing. n. ‘cave'. Ogof-fawr, Penderyn. Dan-yr-ogof, Brecs.

Ogwr/Ogmore  W, river-name. e.g. Penybont-ar-Ogwr; Blaen-Ogwr; Cwmogwr; Glynogwr, Glam. Ogmore-by-sea; Ogmore Vale, Glam. Ogmore is from Old Welsh Ocmur.

ôl                     W, (in phrase) tu ol, ‘behind'. Cae ol y ty, Wain ty ol y ty. Lltbnt.

olchfa              v.  golchfa.

old                   Eng. ‘aged, long in existance; disused.'  e.g. Oldcastle, Gwent. Old House, Llangynnwyd.        

onn                  W, pl. n. ‘ash trees'. e.g. Onllwyn, Glam. Llwyn-onn, Penderyn.         

orchard           Eng. ‘an area of land planted with fruit trees'. Orchard. Lltbnt.

ox                    Eng. ‘male or female common domestic cattle'. e.g. Oxwich, Gower.   

2767